Dissertation Topics In Food Microbiology Impact


Applied and Environmental Microbiology (AEM) publishes descriptions of all aspects of applied microbial research, basic research on microbial ecology, and research of a genetic and molecular nature that focuses on microbial topics of practical value. Research must address salient microbiological principles, fundamental microbial processes, or basic questions in applied or environmental microbiology. Topics that are considered include microbiology in relation to foods, agriculture, industry, biotechnology, public health, plants, and invertebrates and basic biological properties of bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa, and other simple eukaryotic organisms as related to microbial ecology. Manuscripts should report new and significant findings that advance the understanding of microbiology and upon which other scientists may build. To best serve its readership, the journal must accept only those papers that are most significant to the field of applied and environmental microbiology. Thus, the editors will reject manuscripts that, while scientifically sound, represent only incremental extensions of other studies, are mainly confirmatory, or do not pursue a question in sufficient depth.

The biodegradation section describes novel microbial processes for alteration, removal, or utilization of environmental or anthropogenic chemicals.

Papers in the biotechnology section describe the use and modification of organisms in order to achieve socially beneficial objectives.

The environmental microbiology section covers manuscripts that focus on research related to microorganisms in the environment. This is distinct from the microbial ecology section, which focuses on ecological relationships, such as interactions among organisms, their structure and functional role in an ecosystem, and community level studies. Thus, the environmental microbiology section features articles that focus on specific organisms in the environment, rather than a whole community, as well as those in which the study is not focused on implied or stated underlying ecological relationships.

The enzymology and protein engineering section covers the structure and function of environmentally or industrially significant proteins and how they can be modified to achieve practical catalytic objectives.

Included in the evolutionary and genomic microbiology section are papers detailing newly described evolutionary processes and evolutionary relationships among microorganisms. Topics include genomic analysis of established microorganisms and metagenomic investigation of microbial populations in the environment.

The food microbiology section covers manuscripts dealing with all aspects of food microbiology, including microbial food safety, microbial ecology of foods, predictive food microbiology, probiotics, food fermentations, and food spoilage.

The genetics and molecular biology section includes papers describing genetic organization, expression, mutation, and repair in organisms with environmental or practical significance.

Manuscripts for the geomicrobiology section must emphasize the role of microorganisms in geobiochemical processes in terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems, including subsurface, aquifer, and oceanic environments. Topics include mineralization, the use of inorganic ions in energy metabolism, and growth in extreme environments. Manuscripts focused on geological processes with only marginal links to microbiology will not qualify for AEM.

Invertebrate microbiology manuscripts should address interactions between invertebrates and microorganisms, ranging from commensalism and mutualism to parasitism and pathogenicity. Manuscripts describing work dealing with the metabolites or toxins from animal, plant, or insect cells or the physiology of such cells are not suitable for AEM unless the work affects a microbial community or individual microorganisms.

New microbiological methods must provide novel avenues to address fundamental biological questions and will be considered for publication in AEM when accompanied by a demonstrated application. Descriptions of the application of previously described technologies, including the cloning, amplification, and expression of “foreign” genes, to a new genus or species of microbe will generally not be considered for independent publication. Manuscripts that describe the construction of engineered strains for innovative process application, development, or enhancement must present results to authenticate the utility, superiority, and uniqueness of such strains.

The microbial ecology section covers a wide range of topics on the ecology of microorganisms, including culture-independent molecular assessments that provide new insights into (i) the structure-function relationships of microorganisms, (ii) the impact of in situ conditions on community structure, or (iii) the effect of changes in microbial community composition on ecosystem function. Archival phylogenetic snapshots that do not provide such insights are not acceptable for publication in AEM.

Manuscripts submitted to the mycology section should be clearly of a microbiological nature and may deal with basic biology, biochemistry, genetics, or physiology of fungi, molds, yeasts, or algae. Papers dealing purely with taxonomy or phylogeny, with fungal or algal structure, or with metabolism/alteration of metabolites/toxins by animal, plant, or insect cells, tissues, or organisms are not suitable. Documentation of the distribution/occurrence of toxins or metabolites in natural samples (foods, cereals, grains, and soils, etc.) is suitable if the work includes studies involving the isolation, occurrence, or enumeration of the responsible microbes in these samples. The chemical or biochemical elucidation of metabolite or toxin structures is suitable if the work includes aspects of the enzymology or biosynthesis of these compounds.

The physiology section addresses questions about how organisms adapt to changes in their environment, including bioenergetics, stress, starvation, metabolic challenges, and responses to nutritional variation.

The plant microbiology section covers manuscripts dealing with all aspects of plant-microorganism interactions, including symbiotic and rhizosphere bacteria and phytopathogenic microorganisms.

The public health microbiology section focuses on manuscripts that describe the various aspects of the behavior of environmentally transmitted microorganisms that cause human disease. These include, but are not limited to, microorganisms transmitted through water, air, soil, and/or environmental surfaces.

ASM publishes a number of different journals covering various aspects of the field of microbiology. Each journal has a prescribed scope which must be considered in determining the most appropriate journal for each manuscript. The following guidelines may be of assistance.

  1. AEM will consider manuscripts describing properties of enzymes and proteins that are produced by either wild-type or genetically engineered microorganisms and that are significant or have potential significance in industrial or environmental settings. Studies dealing with basic biological phenomena of enzymes or proteins or in which enzymes have been used in investigations of basic biological functions are more appropriate for the Journal of Bacteriology.

  2. AEM will consider papers which describe the use of antimicrobial agents as tools for elucidating aspects of applied and environmental microbiology. Other papers dealing with antimicrobial agents, including manuscripts dealing with the biosynthesis and metabolism of such agents, are more appropriate for Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

  3. AEM will consider manuscripts that concern bacteriophages or other viruses in relation to the environment, public health, or industrial microbiology. Papers that primarily concern attachment and intracellular replication of viruses, virus interactions with host metabolism, virus structure, or virus genomics are more appropriate for the Journal of Bacteriology or the Journal of Virology.

  4. Manuscripts dealing with the immune system or with topics of basic medical interest or oral microbiology are more appropriate for Infection and Immunity. Reports of clinical investigations and environmental biology applied to hospitals should be submitted to the Journal of Clinical Microbiology.

  5. AEM and Eukaryotic Cell (EC) accept manuscripts on population dynamics and the ecology of eukaryotic microbes. Studies of microbial communities and of microbial populations with identified economic or ecological significance, e.g., plant pathogens or symbionts, are usually more appropriate for AEM. Studies of single species of eukaryotes, especially “model” organisms or those without identified economic or ecological importance, are usually more appropriate for EC.

  6. Manuscripts dealing with the purification and characterization of enzymes or cloning of genes that have already been extensively described for other organisms will be considered for publication only if they offer experimentally supported new insights into the biological role, properties, or applications of these enzymes. Descriptions of genes or enzymes that differ only in minor ways from the prototypes are not suitable for AEM.

Questions about these guidelines may be directed to the editor in chief of the journal being considered.

If transfer to another ASM journal is recommended by an editor, the corresponding author will be contacted.

Note that a manuscript rejected by one ASM journal on scientific grounds or on the basis of its general suitability for publication is considered rejected by all other ASM journals.

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Use of Microbiological InformationThe Council Policy Committee (CPC) of the American Society for Microbiology affirms the long-standing position of the Society that microbiologists will work for the proper and beneficent application of science and will call to the attention of the public or the appropriate authorities misuses of microbiology or of information derived from microbiology. ASM members are obligated to discourage any use of microbiology contrary to the welfare of humankind, including the use of microbes as biological weapons. Bioterrorism violates the fundamental principles expressed in the Code of Ethics of the Society and is abhorrent to ASM and its members.

ASM recognizes that there are valid concerns regarding the publication of information in scientific journals that could be put to inappropriate use as described in the CPC resolution mentioned above. Members of the ASM Publications Board will evaluate the rare manuscript that might raise such issues during the review process. However, as indicated elsewhere in these Instructions, research articles must contain sufficient detail, and material/information must be made available, to permit the work to be repeated by others. Supply of materials should be in accordance with laws and regulations governing the shipment, transfer, possession, and use of biological materials and must be for legitimate, bona fide research needs. Links to, and information regarding, these laws and regulations can be found at http://www.asm.org/Policy/index.asp.

General RequirementsManuscripts submitted to the journal must represent reports of original research, and the original data must be available for review by the editor if necessary. When preparing a manuscript, authors are encouraged to pay attention to guidelines for reviewers (http://aem.asm.org/misc/reviewguide.shtml).

All authors of a manuscript must have agreed to its submission and are responsible for its content (initial submission and any subsequent versions), including appropriate citations and acknowledgments, and must also have agreed that the corresponding author has the authority to act on their behalf in all matters pertaining to publication of the manuscript. The corresponding author is responsible for obtaining such agreements and for informing the coauthors of the manuscript's status throughout the submission, review, and publication process. For Authors' Corrections and Retractions, signed letters of agreement from all of the authors must be submitted (see “Authors' Corrections” and “Retractions” below).

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It is expected that the authors will provide written assurance that permission to cite unpublished data or personal communications has been granted.

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Similarly, the authors agree to make available computer programs, originating in the authors' laboratory, that are the only means of confirming the conclusions reported in the article but that are not available commercially. The program(s) and suitable documentation regarding its (their) use may be provided by any of the following means: (i) as a program transmitted via the Internet, (ii) as an Internet server-based tool, or (iii) as a compiled or assembled form on a suitable medium (e.g., magnetic or optical). It is expected that the material will be provided in a timely fashion and at reasonable cost to members of the scientific community for noncommercial purposes. The authors guarantee that they have the authority to comply with this policy either directly or by means of material transfer agreements through the owner.

Primary PublicationA scientific paper or its substance published in a serial, periodical, book, conference report, symposium proceeding, or technical bulletin, posted on a nonpersonal website, or made available through any other retrievable source, including CD-ROM and other electronic forms, is unacceptable for submission to an ASM journal on grounds of prior publication. Work, or its substance, presented as a meeting poster and subsequently reproduced or distributed as a “company white paper” is also unacceptable for submission on grounds of prior publication.

Posting of a method/protocol on a nonpersonal website should not interfere with the author's ability to have a manuscript utilizing that technique considered for publication in an ASM journal; however, ultimately, it is an editorial decision whether the method constitutes the substance of a paper.

Posting of a limited amount of original data on a personal/university/company website or websites of small collaborative groups working on a problem does not preclude subsequent submission to, and publication by, an ASM journal. The posted data, however, may not constitute the substance of the submission. Specific questions about this policy may be referred to the Publications Board chairman on a case-by-case basis.

Posting of theses and dissertations on a personal/university-hosted website does not preclude subsequent submission to, and publication by, an ASM journal. Similarly, posting for sale on a commercial or similar website of an original, unmodified thesis or dissertation (i.e., as submitted to, and accepted by, the thesis/dissertation committee) does not preclude subsequent submission to, and publication by, an ASM journal.

Posting of unpublished sequence data on the Internet is usually not considered prior publication; however, the address (URL) of the source of the sequence should be included in the text.

Preliminary disclosures of research findings webcast as meeting presentations or published in abstract form as adjuncts to a meeting, e.g., part of a program, are not considered prior publication.

It is incumbent upon the author to acknowledge any prior publication, including his/her own articles, of the data contained in a manuscript submitted to an ASM journal. A copy of the relevant work should be submitted with the paper as supplemental material.

Ultimately, it is an editorial decision whether the material constitutes the substance of a paper.

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For supplemental material intended for posting by ASM (see “Supplemental Material” below), if the authors of the AEM manuscript are not also the owners of the supplemental material, the corresponding author must send to ASM signed permission from the copyright owner that allows posting of the material, as a supplement to the article, by ASM. The corresponding author is also responsible for incorporating in the supplemental material any copyright notices required by the owner.

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A study group, surveillance team, working group, consortium, or the like (e.g., the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Team) may be listed as a coauthor in the byline if its contributing members satisfy the requirements for authorship and accountability as described in these Instructions. The names (and institutional affiliations, if desired) of the contributing members only may be given in a footnote keyed to the study group name in the byline or as a separate paragraph in the Acknowledgments section.

If the contributing members of the group associated with the work do not fulfill the criteria of substantial contribution to and responsibility for the paper, the group may not be listed in the author byline. Instead, it and the names of its contributing members may be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

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Disputes about authorship may delay or prevent review and/or publication of the manuscript. Should the individuals involved be unable to reach an accord, review and/or publication of the manuscript can proceed only after the matter is investigated and resolved by the authors' institution(s) and an official report of such and signed statements of agreement are provided to ASM.

Conflict of InterestAll authors are expected to disclose, in the manuscript submittal letter, any commercial affiliations as well as consultancies, stock or equity interests, and patentlicensing arrangements that could be considered to pose a conflict of interest regarding the submitted manuscript. (Inclusion of a company name in the author address lines of the manuscript does not constitute disclosure.) Details of the disclosure to the editor will remain confidential. However, it is the responsibility of authors to provide, in the Acknowledgments section, a general statement disclosing financial or other relationships that are relevant to the study. Examples of potentially conflicting interests that should be disclosed include relationships that might detract from an author's objectivity in presentation of study results and interests whose value would be enhanced by the results presented. All funding sources for the project, institutional and corporate, should be credited in the Acknowledgments section, as described below. In addition, if a manuscript concerns a commercial product, the manufacturer's name must be indicated in the Materials and Methods section or elsewhere in the text, as appropriate, in an obvious manner.

CopyrightTo maintain and protect the Society's ownership and rights and to continue to afford scientists the opportunity to publish in high-quality journals, ASM requires the corresponding author to sign a copyright transfer agreement on behalf of all the authors. This agreement is sent to the corresponding author when the manuscript is accepted and scheduled for publication. Unless this agreement is executed (without changes and/or addenda), ASM will not publish the article.

In the copyright transfer agreement signed by an author, ASM grants to that author (and coauthors) the right to republish discrete portions of his/her (their) article in any other publication (print, CD-ROM, and other electronic forms) of which he/she is (they are) the author(s) or editor(s), on the condition that appropriate credit is given to the original ASM publication. This republication right also extends to posting on a host computer to which there is access via the Internet. Except as indicated below, significant portions of the article may not be reprinted/posted without ASM's prior written permission, however, as this would constitute duplicate publication.

Authors may post their own published articles on their personal or university-hosted (but not corporate, government, or similar) websites without ASM's prior written permission provided that appropriate credit is given (i.e., the copyright lines shown at the top of the first page).

The copyright transfer agreement asks that authors who were U.S. government employees and who wrote the article as part of their employment duties be identified. This is because works authored solely by such U.S. government employees are not subject to copyright protection, so there is no copyright to be transferred. The other provisions of the copyright transfer agreement, such as author representations of originality and authority to enter into the agreement, apply to U.S. government employee-authors as well as to other authors.

Copyright for supplemental material (see “Supplemental Material” below) remains with the author, but a license permitting the posting by ASM will be sent, along with the article copyright transfer agreement, to the corresponding author for signing at the acceptance stage. (If the author of the article is not also the copyright owner of the supplemental material, the corresponding author must send to ASM signed permission from the owner that allows posting of the material, as a supplement to the article, by ASM. The corresponding author is also responsible for incorporating into the supplemental material any copyright notices required by the owner.)

ASM also requires that copyright transfer agreements be signed for cover artwork/photographs.

Funding Agency RepositoriesThe National Institutes of Health (NIH) requests that its grantee and intramural authors provide copies of their accepted manuscripts to PubMed Central (PMC) for posting in the PMC Public Access Repository. ASM allows such AEM authors to do so. ASM also allows AEM authors whose work was supported by similar funding agencies that have public access requirements like those of the NIH (e.g., the Wellcome Trust) to post their accepted manuscripts in publicly accessible electronic repositories maintained by those funding agencies. If a funding agency does not itself maintain such a site, then ASM allows the author to fulfill that requirement by depositing the manuscript (not the typeset article) in an appropriate institutional or subject-based open repository established by a government or noncommercial entity.

Since ASM makes the final, typeset articles from its primary-research journals available free of charge on the ASM Journals and PMC websites 6 months after final publication, ASM recommends that when submitting the accepted manuscript to PMC or a similar public access site, the author specify that the posting release date for the manuscript be no earlier than 6 months after publication of the typeset article by ASM.

Use of Human Subjects or Animals in ResearchThe use of human subjects or other animals for research purposes is regulated by the federal government and individual institutions. Manuscripts containing information related to human or animal use should clearly state that the research has complied with all relevant federal guidelines and institutional policies. Copies of these guidelines and policy statements must be available for review by the editor if necessary.

Nucleotide and Amino Acid SequencesIt is expected that newly determined nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence data will be deposited and GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession numbers will be included in the manuscript no later than the modification stage of the review process. It is also expected that the sequence data will be released to the public no later than the publication (online posting) date of the accepted manuscript. The accession numbers should be included in a separate paragraph at the end of the Materials and Methods section for full-length papers or at the end of the text for short-form papers. If conclusions in a manuscript are based on the analysis of sequences and a GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number is not provided at the time of the review, authors should provide the sequence data as supplemental material.

It is expected that, when previously published sequence accession numbers are cited in a manuscript, the original citations (e.g., journal articles) will be included in the References section when possible or reasonable.

Authors are also expected to do elementary searches and comparisons of nucleotide and amino acid sequences against the sequences in standard databases (e.g., GenBank) immediately before manuscripts are submitted and again at the proof stage.

Analyses should specify the database, and the date of each analysis should be indicated as, e.g., January 2009. If relevant, the version of the software used should be specified.

See “Presentation of Nucleic Acid Sequences” below for nucleic acid sequence formatting instructions.

The URLs of the databases mentioned above are as follows: DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ), http://www.ddbj.nig.ac.jp/; EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Database (EMBL), http://www.ebi.ac.uk/embl/; and National Center for Biotechnology Information (GenBank), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/.

Structural DeterminationsIt is expected that coordinates for new structures of macromolecules determined by X-ray crystallography or cryo-electron microscopy will be deposited in the Protein Data Bank and that assigned identification codes will be included in the manuscript no later than the modification stage of the review process. It is also expected that the coordinates will be released to the public no later than the publication (online posting) date of the accepted manuscript. Authors are encouraged to send coordinates with their original submission, however, so that reviewers can examine them along with the manuscript. The accession number(s) should be listed in a separate paragraph at the end of the Materials and Methods section for full-length papers or at the end of the text for short-form papers.

The URLs for coordinate deposition are http://rcsb-deposit.rutgers.edu/ and http://pdbdep.protein.osaka-u.ac.jp/.

Microarray DataIt is expected that the entire set of supporting microarray data will be deposited in the appropriate public database (e.g., GEO, ArrayExpress, or CIBEX) and that the assigned accession number(s) will be included in the manuscript no later than the modification stage of the review process. It is also expected that the data will be released to the public no later than the publication (online posting) date of the accepted manuscript. Authors are encouraged to send the relevant data with their original submission, however, so that reviewers can examine them along with the manuscript. The accession number(s) should be listed in a separate paragraph at the end of the Materials and Methods section for full-length papers or at the end of the text for short-form papers.

The URLs of the databases mentioned above are as follows: Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/projects/geo/; ArrayExpress, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/microarray-as/ae/; and Center for Information Biology Gene Expression Database (CIBEX), http://cibex.nig.ac.jp/index.jsp.

Culture DepositionAEM expects authors to deposit important strains in publicly accessible culture collections and to refer to the collections and strain numbers in the text. Since the authenticity of subcultures of culture collection specimens that are distributed by individuals cannot be ensured, authors should indicate laboratory strain designations and donor sources as well as original culture collection identification numbers.

MycoBankIt is expected that new scientific names of fungi along with key nomenclatural and descriptive material will be deposited in MycoBank (http://www.MycoBank.org) and that the assigned accession number(s) will be included in the manuscript no later than the modification stage of the review process. The accession number(s) should be listed in a separate paragraph at the end of the Materials and Methods section for full-length papers or at the end of the text for short-form papers.

Supplemental MaterialSupplemental material intended for posting by ASM should be restricted primarily to large or complex data sets or results that cannot readily be displayed in printed form because of space or technical limitations. Such material may include data from microarray, structural, biochemical, or video imaging analyses. In such cases, the manuscript submitted for review should include a distillation of the results so that the principal conclusions are fully supported without referral to the supplemental material.

Supplemental material intended for posting by ASM must be uploaded as a separate Supplemental Material file(s) in Rapid Review and will be reviewed along with the manuscript. The maximum size permitted for an individual file is 25 MB. If your file exceeds this size, you must use a file compression utility (e.g., WinZip or Stuffit) to reduce the size below 25 MB. The decision to publish (i.e., post online only) the material with the article if it is accepted will be made by the editor. It is possible that a manuscript will be accepted but that the supplemental material will not.

If the software required for users to view/use the supplemental material is not embedded in the file, you are urged to use shareware or generally available/easily accessible programs.

Unlike the manuscript, supplemental material will not be edited by the ASM Journals staff and proofs will not be made available. References related to supplemental material only should not be listed in the References section of an article; instead, include them with the supplemental material hosted by ASM or posted on a personal/institutional website.

Supplemental material will always remain associated with its article and is not subject to any modifications after publication.

Material that has been published previously (print or online) is not acceptable for posting as supplemental material. Instead, the appropriate reference(s) to the original publication should be made in the manuscript text.

Copyright for the supplemental material remains with the author, but a license permitting the posting by ASM will be sent, along with the article copyright transfer agreement, to the corresponding author for signing. If you are not the copyright owner, you must provide to ASM signed permission from the owner that allows posting of the material, as a supplement to your article, by ASM. You are responsible for including in the supplemental material any copyright notices required by the owner.

A one-time charge (amount not yet determined) may be levied for posting of supplemental material. When instituted, the charge will be indicated in the ASM acceptance letter.

ComplianceFailure to comply with the policies described in these Instructions may result in a letter of reprimand, a suspension of publishing privileges in ASM journals, and/or notification of the authors' institutions.

Authors employed by companies whose policies do not permit them to comply with the ASM policies may be sanctioned as individuals and/or ASM may refuse to consider manuscripts having authors from such companies.

Warranties and ExclusionsArticles published in this journal represent the opinions of the authors and do not necessarily represent the opinions of ASM. ASM does not warrant the fitness or suitability, for any purpose, of any methodology, kit, product, or device described or identified in an article. The use of trade names is for identification purposes only and does not constitute endorsement by ASM.

Page ChargesAuthors whose research was supported by grants, special funds (including departmental and institutional), or contracts (including governmental) or whose research was done as part of their official duties (government or corporate, etc.) are required to pay page charges (based on the number of typeset pages, including illustrations, in the article).

For a corresponding author who is an ASM member, page charges are currently $65 per page for the first eight pages and $125 per page for each page in excess of eight (subject to change without notice). To obtain the member rate, the corresponding author must be an ASM member.

For a nonmember corresponding author, page charges are currently $75 per page for the first eight pages and $250 for each page in excess of eight (subject to change without notice). A corresponding author who is not an ASM member may join ASM to obtain the member rate.

If the research was not supported by any of the means described above, a request to waive the charges may be sent to the Journals Department, ASM, 1752 N St., N.W., Washington, DC 20036-2904, USA (fax, 202-942-9355; e-mail, aluckey{at}asmusa.org). This request must include the manuscript control number assigned by ASM and indicate how the work was supported.

Minireviews, Meeting Reviews, Guest Commentaries, and Comment Letters to the Editor are not subject to page charges.

Editorial StyleThe editorial style of ASM journals conforms to the ASM Style Manual for Journals (American Society for Microbiology, 2009, in-house document) and How To Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, 6th ed. (Greenwood Press, Westport, CT, 2006), as interpreted and modified by the editors and the ASM Journals Department.

The editors and the Journals Department reserve the privilege of editing manuscripts to conform with the stylistic conventions set forth in the aforesaid publications and in these Instructions.

Review ProcessAll manuscripts are considered to be confidential and are reviewed by the editors, members of the editorial board, or qualified ad hoc reviewers.

To expedite the review process, authors must recommend at least three reviewers who have expertise in the field, who are not members of their institution(s), who have not recently been associated with their laboratory(ies), and who could not otherwise be considered to pose a conflict of interest regarding the submitted manuscript. Please provide, where indicated on the submission form, contact information for suggested reviewers who are not editorial board members.

Copies of in-press and submitted manuscripts that are important for judgment of the present manuscript should be included as supplemental material to facilitate the review.

When a manuscript is submitted to the journal, it is given a number (e.g., AEM00047-09 version 1) and assigned to one of the editors. (Always refer to this number in communications with the editor and the Journals Department.) It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to inform the coauthors of the manuscript's status throughout the submission, review, and publication processes. The reviewers operate under strict guidelines set forth in “Guidelines for Reviewers” (http://www.journals.asm.org/misc/reviewguide.shtml) and are expected to complete their reviews expeditiously.

The corresponding author is notified, generally within 4 to 6 weeks after submission, of the editor's decision to accept, reject, or require modification. When modification is requested, the corresponding author must either submit the modified version within 2 months or withdraw the manuscript. A point-by-point response to the reviews must be provided in the designated section of the Rapid Review submission form for the revised manuscript, and a compare copy of the manuscript (without figures) should be included as supplemental material if the editor requested one.

Manuscripts that have been rejected, or withdrawn after being returned for modification, may be resubmitted to the same ASM journal if the major criticisms have been addressed. A manuscript rejected by one ASM journal on scientific grounds or on the basis of its general suitability for publication is considered rejected by all other ASM journals; however, a manuscript rejected solely on the basis of scope may be “resubmitted” to a more appropriate ASM journal. A manuscript is considered a resubmission no matter how much (or little) it differs from the rejected or withdrawn manuscript and regardless of how much time has passed.

For all resubmissions (to the same or a different journal, and irrespective of the extent of the revisions and irrespective of the amount of time between rejection and resubmission), the cover letter must state that the manuscript is a resubmission, and the former manuscript number must be provided in the appropriate field on the submission form. A point-by-point response to the review(s) and a compare copy of the revised manuscript showing all changes must be included as supplemental material (the Rebuttal section appears in the submission form only if the manuscript is a modification). Manuscripts resubmitted to the same journal are normally handled by the original editor.

Rejected manuscripts may be resubmitted only once unless permission has been obtained from the original editor or from the editor in chief.

Notification of AcceptanceWhen an editor has decided that a manuscript is acceptable for publication on the basis of scientific merit, the author and the Journals Department are notified. A PDF version of the accepted manuscript is posted online as soon as possible (see below).

The text files undergo an automated preediting, cleanup, and tagging process specific to the particular article type, and the illustrations are examined. If all files have been prepared according to the criteria set forth in these Instructions and those in Rapid Review, the acceptance procedure will be completed successfully. If there are problems that would cause extensive corrections to be made at the copyediting stage or if the files are not acceptable for production, ASM Journals staff will contact the corresponding author. Once all the material intended for publication has been determined to be adequate, the manuscript is scheduled for the next available issue and an acceptance letter indicating the month of publication, approximate page proof dates, and table of contents section is mailed to the corresponding author; a copyright transfer agreement is also included, as is a license to permit posting of supplemental material (if applicable). The editorial staff of the ASM Journals Department completes the editing of the manuscript to bring it into conformity with prescribed standards.

Publish ahead of PrintFor its primary-research journals, ASM posts online PDF versions of manuscripts that have been peer reviewed and accepted but not yet copyedited. This feature is called “[journal acronym] Accepts” (e.g., AEM Accepts) and is accessible from the Journals website. The manuscripts are published online as soon as possible after acceptance, on a weekly basis, before the copyedited, typeset articles are published. They are posted “as is” (i.e., as submitted by the authors at the modification stage) and do not reflect ASM editorial changes. No corrections/changes to the PDF manuscripts are accepted. Accordingly, there likely will be differences between the AEM Accepts manuscripts and the final, typeset articles. The manuscripts remain listed on the AEM Accepts page until the final, typeset articles are posted. At that point, the manuscripts are removed from the AEM Accepts page and become available only through links from the final, typeset articles. The manuscripts are under subscription access control until 6 months after the typeset articles are posted, when free access is provided to everyone (subject to the applicable ASM license terms and conditions). Supplemental material intended, and accepted, for publication is not posted until publication of the final, typeset article.

Instructions on how to cite such manuscripts may be found in the “References” section below.

Page ProofsPage proofs, together with a query sheet and instructions for handling proofs, will be made available to the corresponding author electronically via a PDF file that can be accessed through a unique password. Since corresponding authors will be notified of the availability of their PDF proofs, instructed how to access information about page charges, reprints, and color figure charges (if applicable), and assigned their unique password via e-mail, an e-mail address must be supplied in the correspondent footnote. Failure to do so may result in a delay in publication. The PDF page proofs must be printed out, and corrections must be written on the hard copy. Queries must be answered on the query page or on a separate sheet of paper, and any changes related to the queries must be indicated on the proofs. Note that the copy editor does not query at every instance where a change has been made. Queries are written only to request necessary information or clarification of an unclear passage or to draw attention to edits that may have altered the sense. It is the author's responsibility to read the entire text, tables, and figure legends, not just items queried. As soon as the page proofs are corrected and signed by the person who proofread them (within 48 h), they should be mailed or sent by a courier service such as FedEx, not faxed or sent as an e-mail attachment, to the ASM Journals Department, 1752 N St., N.W., Washington, DC 20036-2904.

The proof stage is not the time to make extensive corrections, additions, or deletions. Figures as they appear in the proofs are for validation of content and placement, not quality of reproduction or color accuracy. Print output of figures in the PDF page proofs will be of lower quality than the same figures viewed on a monitor. Please avoid making changes to figures based on quality of color or reproduction in proof. Starting in 2009, the online version will be considered the journal of record for all ASM journals. If you submit RGB color files, the figures published online in the final version should be a very close color match to your figure source files; color figures in the printed issue may not look exactly like the online versions or the data as originally captured because the RGB files will be converted to CMYK color for print production. If you submit CMYK color files, the figures published in print should be a close color match to your source files, but CMYK files are not optimal for online color reproduction.

Important new information that has become available between acceptance of the manuscript and receipt of the proofs may be inserted as an addendum in proof with the permission of the editor. If references to unpublished data or personal communications are added, it is expected that written assurance granting permission for the citation will be included. Limit changes to correction of spelling errors, incorrect data, and grammatical errors and updated information for references to articles that have been submitted or are in press. If URLs have been provided in the article, recheck the sites to ensure that the addresses are still accurate and the material that you expect the reader to find is indeed there.

Questions about late proofs and problems in the proofs should be directed to the ASM Journals Department (telephone, 202-942-9219). Questions about accessing or viewing your PDF proofs should be directed to Katie Gay of Cadmus Communications at 804-261-3155 or gayk{at}cadmus.com.

ReprintsReprints (in multiples of 100) may be purchased by all coauthors. In the proof notification e-mail, the corresponding author will be instructed how to access information about reprints.

The corresponding authors of Minireviews, Meeting Reviews, and Guest Commentaries may receive 100 free reprints of their contribution; additional reprints (in multiples of 100) may be purchased if desired. As for regular articles, the corresponding author will be instructed, in the proof notification e-mail, how to access information about reprints.

PDF FilesA corresponding author who has included an e-mail address in his/her “corresponding author” footnote will have limited access (10 downloads, total) to the PDF file of his/her published article. An e-mail alert will automatically be sent to him/her on the day the issue is posted. It will provide a URL, which will be required to obtain access, and instructions. An article may be viewed, printed, or stored, provided that it is for the author's own use.

Should coauthors or colleagues be interested in viewing the paper for their own use, the corresponding author may provide them with the URL; a copy of the article may not be forwarded electronically. However, they must be made aware of the terms and conditions of the ASM copyright. (For details, go to http://www.journals.asm.org/misc/terms.shtml.) Note that each such download will count toward the corresponding author's total of 10. After 10 downloads, access will be denied and can be obtained only through a subscription to the journal (either individual or institutional) or after the standard access control has been lifted (i.e., 6 months after publication).

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All submissions to AEM must be made electronically via the Rapid Review online submission and peer review system at the following URL: https://www.rapidreview.com/ASM2/CALogon.jsp. (E-mailed submissions will not be accepted.) First-time users must create an Author account, which may be used for submitting to all ASM journals. Instructions for creating an Author account are available at the above URL under the Create Account button. Step-by-step instructions for submitting a manuscript via Rapid Review are available from the account holder's My Manuscripts page. Information on file types acceptable for electronic submission can be found under the More About File Formats button.

PDFs of submitted manuscripts are retained in Rapid Review for 1 to 2 years, after which they are deleted.

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On receipt at ASM, an accepted manuscript undergoes an automated preediting, cleanup, and tagging process specific to the particular article type. To optimize this process, manuscripts must be supplied in the correct format and with the appropriate sections and headings.

Type every portion of the manuscript double-spaced (a minimum of 6 mm between lines), including figure legends, table footnotes, and References, and number all pages in sequence, including the abstract, figure legends, and tables. Place the last two items after the References section. Manuscript pages should have line numbers; manuscripts without line numbers may be editorially rejected by the editor, with a suggestion of resubmission after line numbers are added. The font size should be no smaller than 12 points. It is recommended that the following sets of characters be easily distinguishable in the manuscript: the numeral zero (0) and the letter “oh” (O); the numeral one (1), the letter “el” (l), and the letter “eye” (I); and a multiplication sign (×) and the letter “ex” (x). Do not create symbols as graphics or use special fonts that are external to your word processing program; use the “insert symbol” function. Set the page size to 8½ by 11 inches (ca. 21.6 by 28 cm). Italicize or underline any words that should appear in italics, and indicate paragraph lead-ins in boldface type.

Authors who are unsure of proper English usage should have their manuscripts checked by someone proficient in the English language.

Manuscripts may be editorially rejected, without review, on the basis of poor English or lack of conformity to the standards set forth in these Instructions.

  • Double-space all text, including references and figure legends

  • Number pages

  • Number lines

  • Present statistical treatment of data where appropriate

  • Format references in ASM style

  • Indicate journal section for manuscript publication

  • Provide accession numbers for all sequences or sequence alignments important for evaluation of the manuscript as supplemental material or make the material available on a website for access by the editor and reviewers

  • Confirm that genetic and chemical nomenclature conforms to instructions

  • Include as supporting material in-press and submitted manuscripts that are important for judgment of the present manuscript

Long-Form PapersLong-form papers should include the elements described in this section.

Title, running title, and byline.Each manuscript should present the results of an independent, cohesive study; thus, numbered series titles are not permitted. Exercise care in composing a main title. Avoid the main title/subtitle arrangement, complete sentences, and unnecessary articles. On the title page, include the title, running title (not to exceed 54 characters and spaces), name of each author, address(es) of the institution(s) at which the work was performed, each author's affiliation, and a footnote indicating the present address of any author no longer at the institution where the work was performed. Place an asterisk after the name of the author to whom inquiries regarding the paper should be directed (see “Correspondent footnote” below).

Study group in byline.A study group, surveillance team, working group, consortium, or the like (e.g., the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Team) may be listed as a coauthor in the byline if its contributing members satisfy the requirements for authorship and accountability as described in these Instructions. The names (and institutional affiliations, if desired) of the contributing members may be given in a footnote keyed to the study group name in the byline or as a separate paragraph in Acknowledgments.

If the contributing members of the group associated with the work do not fulfill the criteria of substantial contribution to and responsibility for the paper, the group may not be listed in the author byline. Instead, it and the names of its contributing members may be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

Correspondent footnote.The complete mailing address, a single telephone number, a single fax number, and a single e-mail address for the corresponding author should be included on the title page of the manuscript. This information will be published in the article as a footnote to facilitate communication, and the e-mail address will be used to notify the corresponding author of the availability of proofs and, later, of the PDF file of the published article.

Abstract.Limit the abstract to 250 words or fewer and concisely summarize the basic content of the paper without presenting extensive experimental details. Avoid abbreviations and references, and do not include diagrams. When it is essential to include a reference, use the same format as shown for the References section but omit the article title. Because the abstract will be published separately by abstracting services, it must be complete and understandable without reference to the text.

Introduction.The introduction should supply sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the topic. The introduction should also provide the hypothesis that was addressed or the rationale for the present study. Use only those references required to provide the most salient background rather than an exhaustive review of the topic.

Materials and Methods.The Materials and Methods section should include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated. When centrifugation conditions are critical, give enough information to enable another investigator to repeat the procedure: make of centrifuge, model of rotor, temperature, time at maximum speed, and centrifugal force (× g rather than revolutions per minute). For commonly used materials and methods (e.g., media and protein concentration determinations), a simple reference is sufficient. If several alternative methods are commonly used, it is helpful to identify the method briefly as well as to cite the reference. For example, it is preferable to state “cells were broken by ultrasonic treatment as previously described (9)” rather than to state “cells were broken as previously described (9).” This allows the reader to assess the method without constant reference to previous publications. Describe new methods completely, and give sources of unusual chemicals, equipment, and microbial strains. When large numbers of microbial strains or mutants are used in a study, include tables identifying the immediate sources (i.e., sources from whom the strains were obtained) and properties of the strains, mutants, bacteriophages, and plasmids, etc. Parameters such as temperature, pH, and salinity (or conductivity) must be reported for environmental samples that are extracted for molecular analyses.

A method or strain, etc., used in only one of several experiments reported in the paper may be described in the Results section or very briefly (one or two sentences) in a table footnote or figure legend. It is expected that the sources from whom the strains were obtained will be identified.

Results.In the Results section, include only the results of the experiments; reserve extensive interpretation of the results for the Discussion section. Present the results as concisely as possible in one of the following: text, table(s), or figure(s). Avoid extensive use of graphs to present data that might be more concisely presented in the text or tables. For example, except in unusual cases, double-reciprocal plots used to determine apparent Km values should not be presented as graphs; instead, the values should be stated in the text. Similarly, graphs illustrating other methods commonly used to derive kinetic or physical constants (e.g., reduced-viscosity plots and plots used to determine sedimentation velocity) need not be shown except in unusual circumstances. Limit photographs (particularly photomicrographs and electron micrographs) to those that are absolutely necessary to show the experimental findings. Number figures and tables in the order in which they are cited in the text, and be sure to cite all figures and tables.

Discussion.The Discussion should provide an interpretation of the results in relation to previously published work and to the experimental system at hand and should not contain extensive repetition of the Results section or reiteration of the introduction. In short papers, the Results and Discussion sections may be combined.

Acknowledgments.The source of any financial support received for the work being published must be indicated in the Acknowledgments section. (It will be assumed that the absence of such an acknowledgment is a statement by the authors that no support was received.) The usual format is as follows: “This work was supported by Public Health Service grant CA-01234 from the National Cancer Institute.”

Recognition of personal assistance should be given as a separate paragraph, as should any statements disclaiming endorsement or approval of the views reflected in the paper or of a product mentioned therein.

Appendixes.Appendixes, which contain additional material to aid the reader, are permitted. Titles, authors, and References sections that are distinct from those of the primary article are not allowed. If it is not feasible to list the author(s) of the appendix in the byline or the Acknowledgments section of the primary article, rewrite the appendix so that it can be considered for publication as an independent article, either long-form or short-form style. Equations, tables, and figures should be labeled with the letter “A” preceding the numeral to distinguish them from those cited in the main body of the text.

References. (i) References listed in the References section.The References section must include all journal articles (both print and online), books and book chapters (both print and online), patents, theses and dissertations, published conference proceedings, meeting abstracts from published abstract books or journal supplements, letters (to the editor), and company publications, as well as in-press journal articles, book chapters, and books (publication title must be given). Arrange the citations in alphabetical order (letter by letter, ignoring spaces and punctuation) by first-author surname and number consecutively. Provide the names of all the authors for each reference. All listed references must be cited parenthetically by number in the text. Since title and byline information that is downloaded from PubMed does not always show accents, italics, or special characters, authors should refer to the PDF files or hard-copy versions of the articles and incorporate the necessary corrections in the submitted manuscript. Abbreviate journal names according to the List of Journals Indexed for Medline (National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, 2009; available at ftp://nlmpubs.nlm.nih.gov/online/journals/ljiweb.pdf), the primary source for ASM style.

Follow the styles shown in the examples below for print references.

  1. Arendsen, A. F., M. Q. Solimar, and S. W. Ragsdale. 1999. Nitrate-dependent regulation of acetate biosynthesis and nitrate respiration by Clostridium thermoaceticum. J. Bacteriol. 181:1489-1495.

  2. Cox, C. S., B. R. Brown, and J. C. Smith. J. Gen. Genet., in press.* {Article title is optional; journal title is mandatory.}

  3. da Costa, M. S., M. F. Nobre, and F. A. Rainey. 2001. Genus I. Thermus Brock and Freeze 1969, 295,AL emend. Nobre, Trüper and da Costa 1996b, 605, p. 404-414. In D. R. Boone, R. W. Castenholz, and G. M. Garrity (ed.), Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 1. Springer, New York, NY.

  4. Elder, B. L., and S. E. Sharp. 2003. Cumitech 39, Competency assessment in the clinical laboratory. Coordinating ed., S. E. Sharp. ASM Press, Washington, DC.

  5. Falagas, M. E., and S. K. Kasiakou. 2006. Use of international units when dosing colistin will help decrease confusion related to various formulations of the drug around the world. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 50:2274-2275. (Letter.) {“Letter” or “Letter to the editor” is allowed but not required at the end of such an entry.}

  6. Fitzgerald, G., and D. Shaw. In A. E. Waters (ed.), Clinical microbiology, in press. EFH Publishing Co., Boston, MA.* {Chapter title is optional.}

  7. Forman, M. S., and A. Valsamakis. 2003. Specimen collection, transport, and processing: virology, p. 1227-1241. In P. R. Murray, E. J. Baron, M. A. Pfaller, J. H. Jorgensen, and R. H. Yolken (ed.), Manual of clinical microbiology, 8th ed. ASM Press, Washington, DC.

  8. Garcia, C. O., S. Paira, R. Burgos, J. Molina, J. F. Molina, and C. Calvo. 1996. Detection of salmonella DNA in synovial membrane and synovial fluid from Latin American patients. Arthritis Rheum. 39(Suppl.):S185. {Meeting abstract published in journal supplement.}

  9. Green, P. N., D. Hood, and C. S. Dow. 1984. Taxonomic status of some methylotrophic bacteria, p. 251-254. In R. L. Crawford and R. S. Hanson (ed.), Microbial growth on C1 compounds. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC.

  10. Odell, J. C. April 1970. Process for batch culturing. U.S. patent 484,363,770. {Include the name of the patented item/process if possible; the patent number is mandatory.}

  11. O'Malley, D. R. 1998. Ph.D. thesis. University of California, Los Angeles. {Title is optional.}

  12. Rotimi, V. O., N. O. Salako, E. M. Mohaddas, and L. P. Philip. 2005. Abstr. 45th Intersci. Conf. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother., abstr. D-1658. {Abstract title is optional.}

  13. Smith, D., C. Johnson, M. Maier, and J. J. Maurer. 2005. Distribution of fimbrial, phage and plasmid associated virulence genes among poultry Salmonella enterica serovars, abstr. P-038, p. 445. Abstr. 105th Gen. Meet. Am. Soc. Microbiol. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC. {Abstract title is optional.}

  14. Stratagene. 2006. Yeast DNA isolation system: instruction manual. Stratagene, La Jolla, CA. {Use the company name as the author if none is provided for a company publication.}

*A reference to an in-press ASM publication should state the control number (e.g., AEM00577-09) if it is a journal article or the name of the publication if it is a book.

PhD candidates: You are welcome and encouraged to deposit your dissertation here, but be aware that
1) it is optional, not required (the ProQuest deposit is required); and
2) it will be available to everyone on the Internet; there is no embargo for dissertations in the UNL DigitalCommons.

Master's candidates: Deposit of your thesis or project is required. (If an embargo, [restricted access] is necessary, you may deposit the thesis at http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/embargotheses/ — but only after getting the prior approval of your department and the Graduate Office; contact Terri Eastin).

All depositors: We try to observe a 24-hour "cooling off" period to give you opportunity to correct those "oops" issues that seem to emerge just after deposit.
Upon deposit, you will immediately receive an email that your submission has been received (and this is what you need to show the Graduate Office).
However, you can still log back in and select Revise and upload a new version with your advisor's name spelled right, or your mother thanked in the Acknowledgments, or whatever you're stressing about.
After about a day, your submission will be "published" or "posted", making it available to the Internet; you will get another email to that effect, and your submission can no longer be changed--by you.
If further changes are needed, these can be made by sending a revised file to the administrator < proyster@unl.edu > requesting replacement of the current online version. DO NOT RESUBMIT YOUR THESIS / DISSERTATION. That creates duplicate records, confusion, wasted effort, frustration, sadness, tears, and causes kittens to get sick.

Finally: Congratulations; you are almost there. Click the "Submit your paper or article" link at the bottom of the gray box at left. Follow the instructions. You should be able to copy (Ctrl-C) and paste (Ctrl-V) most fields.
You are the sole author; your advisor is not considered a co-author.
Your institution is "University of Nebraska-Lincoln" (not "at Lincoln" or ", Lincoln"). Do not leave it blank; then the administrator has to fill it in, and he is tempted to make it something silly.
You do not need to repeat your name and title in the Abstract field; just the body of the abstract.
When you reach the question "Was this submission previously published in a journal?", just skip that part.
Be sure to click the "Submit" button at the bottom. Files upload at the rate of about 5 Mb per minute, so if you have an ungodly large file, it may take a bit of time. If your file exceeds 40 Mb, think about reducing its size--there are many ways; Google "reduce pdf file size" to find some.

Okay, get started. That thesis is not going to submit itself.




Energy-Water Reduction and Wastewater Reclamation in a Fluid Milk Processing Facility, CarlyRain Adams, Yulie E. Meneses, Bing Wang, and Curtis Weller


Modeling the Survival of Salmonella in Soy Sauce-Based Products Stored at Two Different Temperatures, Ana Cristina Arciniega Castillo




Promoting Gastrointestinal Health and Decreasing Inflammation with Whole Grains in Comparison to Fruit and Vegetables through Clinical Interventions and in vitro Tests, Julianne Kopf


Development of a Rapid Detection and Quantification Method for Yeasts and Molds in Dairy Products, Brandon Nguyen


Increasing Cis-lycopene Content of the Oleoresin from Tomato Processing Byproducts Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide and Assessment of Its Bioaccessibility, Lisbeth Vallecilla Yepez


Species and Trichothecene Genotypes of Fusarium Head Blight Pathogens in Nebraska, USA in 2015-2016, Esteban Valverde-Bogantes


Validation of Extrusion Processing for the Safety of Low-Moisture Foods, Tushar Verma


Radiofrequency processing for inactivation of Salmonella spp. and Enterococcus faecium NRRL B-2354 in whole black peppercorn and ground black pepper, Xinyao Wei





Matrix Effects on the Detection of Milk and Peanut Residues by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays (ELISA), Abigail S. Burrows


Evaluation of Qualitative Food Allergen Detection Methods and Cleaning Validation Approaches, Rachel C. Courtney


Studies of Debaryomyces hansenii killer toxin and its effect on pathogenic bloodstream Candida isolates, Rhaisa A. Crespo Ramírez


Development of a Sandwich Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for Detection of Macadamia Nut Residues in Processed Food Products, Charlene Gan




Feasibility, safety, economic and environmental implications of whey-recovered water for cleaning-in place systems: A case study on water conservation for the dairy industry, Yulie E. Meneses-González


Studies on asparagine in Nebraska wheat and other grains, Sviatoslav Navrotskyi


Risk Assessment and Research Synthesis methodologies in food safety: two effective tools to provide scientific evidence into the Decision Making Process., Juan E. Ortuzar


Edible Insects as a Source of Food Allergens, Lee Palmer




Formation of Bioactive-Carrier Hollow Solid Lipid Micro- and Nanoparticles, Junsi Yang



The Influence of the Bovine Fecal Microbiota on the Shedding of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli (STEC) by Beef Cattle, Nirosh D. Aluthge


Preference Mapping of Whole Grain and High Fiber Products: Whole Wheat Bread and Extruded Rice and Bean Snack, Ashley J. Bernstein


Comparative Study Of The D-values of Salmonella spp. and Enterococcus faecium in Wheat Flour, Didier Dodier


Simulation and Validation of Radio Frequency Heating of Shell Eggs, Soon Kiat Lau


Viability of Lactobacillus acidophilus DDS 1-10 Encapsulated with an Alginate-Starch Matrix, Liya Mo


Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Shiga Toxin Producing E. coli (STEC) Throughout Beef Summer Sausage Production and the use of High Pressure Processing as an Alternative Intervention to Thermal Processing, Eric L. Oliver


A Finite Element Method Based Microwave Heat Transfer Modeling of Frozen Multi-Component Foods, Krishnamoorthy Pitchai


Efficacy of Galactooliosaccharide (GOS) and/or Rhamnose-Based Synbiotics in Enhancing Ecological Performance of Lactobacillus reuteri in the Human Gut and Characterization of Its GOS Metabolic System, Monchaya Rattanaprasert


Corn Characterization and Development of a Convenient Laboratory Scale Alkaline Cooking Process, Shreya N. Sahasrabudhe




Characterization and Investigation of Fungi Inhabiting the Gastrointestinal Tract of Healthy and Diseased Humans, Mallory J. Suhr


Effects of blanching on color, texture and sodium chloride content during storage time of frozen vegetable soybean modeling for commercial scale, Pimsiree Suwan


Influence of Native and Processed Cereal Grain Fibers on Gut Health, Junyi Yang





Improving the Health Impacts of Whole Grains through Processing: Resistant Starch, Dietary Fiber Solubility, and Mineral Bioaccessibility, Jennifer A. Arcila Castillo




Characterization of Commercial Probiotics: Antibiotic Resistance, Acid and Bile Resistance, and Prebiotic Utilization, Carmen Lucia Cano Roca




Starch-Pectin Matrices for Encapsulation of Ascorbic Acid, Yiwei Liu




Non-digestible Oligosaccharides: Anti-adherence and Other Biological Properties, Maria I. Quintero-Villegas


Adherence Inhibition of Human Pathogens Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli by Non-digestible Oligosaccharides, Alejandra Ramirez-Hernandez







"OCHRATOXIN A”: Evaluation of Methodologies for Determination of Ochratoxin A in Food Commodities, Contamination Levels in Different Products Available in the US Market and Evaluation of Fungal Microbiota Associated with Some of the Products, Lakshmi Gompa


Investigation of Commercial Milk Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Kits: Specificity and Utility for Residues of Foods Subjected to Proteolysis During Processing, Katherine O. Ivens


Characterization of the Gut Microbiota and Colitogenic Bacterial Species in Core 1 O-glycans Deficient Mice, Maria E. Perez-Munoz


Risk Assessment of Trace and Undeclared Allergens in Processed Foods, Benjamin C. Remington


Development of an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for the Detection of Pecan Residues in Processed Foods, Denise Tran




Studies on Phaseolus vulgaris L. Var. Great Northern Bean for Utilization in Food Processing, Hui Wang





New Technologies for Whole Wheat Processing: Addressing Milling and Storage Issues, Andres F. Doblado-Maldonado


The Evolution of Host Specificity in the Vertebrate Gut Symbiont Lactobacillus reuteri, Steven Frese


Characterization of Starch by Vibrational Spectroscopy, Brandon H. Holder


Characterization of IgG and IgE Binding to Parvalbumin Derived from Commercially Important Fish Species, Poi-Wah Lee








Soybean allergy: Effect of genetic modification (GM), heat and enzymatic treatment on overall allergenicity, Rakhi Panda





Adaptation and Validation of Existing Analytical Methods for Monitoring Prebiotics Present in Different Types of Processed Food Matrices, Pei Tze Ang


Adaptation and Validation of Food Product Specific Analytical Methods for Monitoring Prebiotics Present in Different Types of Processed Food Matrices, Rebbeca M. Duar


Extraction of Bioactive Compounds from Whole Red Cabbage and Beetroot using Pulsed Electric Fields and Evaluation of their Functionality, Valli Kannan




Studies on the Adherence Properties of Plant Lectins and Bacterial Adhesins and their Inhibition by Prebiotic Oligosaccharides and Bovine Colostrum Fractions, Maria X. Maldonado-Gomez


Effects of Malting and Fermentation on the Composition and Functionality of Sorghum Flour, Onesmo N.O. Mella




Electromagnetic and Heat Transfer Modeling of Microwave Heating in Domestic Ovens, Krishnamoorthy Pitchai






Effect of Sodium Nitrite, Sodium Erythorbate and Organic Acid Salts on Germination and Outgrowth of Clostridium perfringens Spores in Ham during Abusive Cooling, Mauricio A. Redondo


Identification and Characterization of Putative Allergens in Pecan Species, Jelena Spiric



The Bifidogenicity of the Prebiotic Galactooligosaccharides, Lauren M. G. Davis


The Use of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays to Detect Milk Residues in Thermally Processed Food Products, Melanie L. Downs


Examination of egg white proteins and effects of high pressure on select physical and functional properties, Andrew Hoppe


Development Of An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) For The Detection Of Pistachio Residues In Processed Foods, Pei Wen Lim


Identification and Characterization of Salmonella Serotypes Isolated from Pork and Poultry from Commercial Sources, Yulie Edith Meneses-González


Dynamic predictive model for the growth of Salmonella spp. in liquid whole egg and risk evaluation of egg white hydrolysates manufacturing process for spore formers: Bacillus cereus and Clostridium perfringens., aikansh singh


Development of Fourier Transform Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy as a Metabolomic Technique for Characterizing the Protective Properties of Grain Sorghum Against Oxidation, Emily Diane Sitorius


The Effects of High Pressure Processing on Peanut Sauce Inoculated with Salmonella, Tara K. Stiles



Use of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Qualitative and Quantitative Analyses of Grains and Cereal Products, Panjama Cheewapramong






Factors Affecting the B-Vitamin Content of Cottage Cheese, Gary Dean Reif


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