Civil Society Protest Essays

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On December 1st, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in the front of a bus to a white man. It was this simple act of defiance that, arguably, began the Civil Rights movement which lasted from 1955 through the 1960’s and altered the face of our nation forever. Following the arrest of Rosa Parks for her simple denial, African Americans in Montgomery began boycotting the bus system, one of the first major stands against racism in the 1950’s. On the heels of the Brown v. Board of Education segregation trial which had ruled in favor of school integration, this boycott, which proved successful after the seat separation was removed, effectively began the civil rights movement with which we are now so familiar…show more content…

For the first time, many people realized that the United States could become a land without racial discrimination.” The temporary integration of European and American cultures during the war led to the spread of mainstream ideals and governing policies back home in the States. Another primary reason for the explosion of the civil rights movement was the introduction of the GI Bill after the war. The GI Bill granted WWII veterans new educational opportunities and greater chances for economic stability or prosperity. “Thousands of African-American veterans took advantage of this benefit and then discovered after graduating from college that whites received better-paying jobs.” Encouraged by their new educations and optimistic for the future, many African Americans were let down when they found that even with a college education, equality was still far off. The GI Bill, which they had viewed as a “way out” of poverty and, hopefully, discrimination, had done nothing but accentuate the blatant racism still popular in America. The perceived failure of the GI Bill and the knowledge that European Blacks had greater civil rights than those in America was causing a large amount of discomfort in African American society. They had a cause to fight for and now all they needed was someone to lead them into battle. Enter: Martin Luther King Jr. “During the 1950s and the early 1960s, Martin Luther King, Jr.,

A presentation covering the following historical content:
Introduction: Overview of civil society protests
Post-Second World War
Between the 1950s and 1970s
Protests became widespread in the United States in the 1960s
South Africa
The Women’s Liberation Movement (USA)
Women and the anti-pass campaign 1950-1953 (South Africa)
Women’s Role in the Defiance Campaign (South Africa)
The 1956 Women’s March (South Africa)
The Black Sash
Case Study: the US Civil Rights Movement
Reasons and origins of the Civil Rights Movement in the USA
The role, impact and influence of Martin Luther King Junior
The Montgomery bus boycott
Sit-ins
The Birmingham campaign
The March on Washington to the Lincoln Memorial
School desegregation: Little Rock, Arkansas
Short-term and long-term gains
Case Study: the Black Power Movement
Reasons for the movement
The Black Panthers
Stokely Carmichael
Malcolm X
Short-term and long-term gains
Conclusion

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