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How to Cite a Website in APA
Cite in Websites in APA Automatically with BibMe
Use the following template to cite a website using the APA citation format. We also provide style guides for the MLA, Chicago, and Turabian styles. To have your bibliography or works cited list automatically made for you, check out our free APA citation generator.
Once you’re finished with your citations, we can also help you with creating an APA title page.
APA does not explicitly provide a format for citing websites. Instead, there are guides for how to cite various sources in online formats:
Citing a general website article with an author
APA format structure:
Author, A. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Article title. Retrieved from URL
APA format example:
Simmons, B. (2015, January 9). The tale of two Flaccos. Retrieved from http://grantland.com/the-triangle/the-tale-of-two-flaccos/
Citing a general website article without an author
APA format structure:
Article title. (Year, Month Date of Publication). Retrieved from URL
APA format example:
Teen posed as doctor at West Palm Beach hospital: police. (2015, January 16). Retrieved from http://www.nbcmiami.com/news/local/Teen-Posed-as-Doctor-at-West-Palm-Beach-Hospital-Police-288810831.html
For more information on how to cite in APA, check out the APA style guide and Cornell.
←Back to APA Citation Guide
by Chelsea Lee
Perhaps the most common question we get about APA Style is “How do I cite a website?” or “How do I cite something I found on a website?”
First, to cite a website in general, but not a specific document on that website, see this FAQ.
Once you’re at the level of citing a particular page or document, the key to writing the reference list entry is to determine what kind of content the page has. The Publication Manual reference examples in Chapter 7 are sorted by the type of content (e.g., journal article, e-book, newspaper story, blog post), not by the location of that content in a library or on the Internet. The Manual shows both print- and web-based references for the different types of content.
What seems to flummox our readers is what to do when the content doesn’t fall into an easily defined area. Sometimes the most you can say is that you're looking at information on a page—some kind of article, but not a journal article. To explore this idea, imagine the Internet as a fried egg. The yolk contains easier to categorize content like journal articles and e-books. In that runny, nebulous white you’ll find the harder to define content, like blog posts, lecture notes, or maps. To wit, the egg:
APA Style Template for Website References
Content in that egg white area may seem confusing to cite, but the template for references from this area is actually very simple, with only four pieces (author, date, title, and source):
Author, A. (date). Title of document [Format description]. Retrieved from https://URL
In text: (Author, year)
That format description in brackets is used only when the format is something out of the ordinary, such as a blog post or lecture notes; otherwise, it's not necessary. Some other example format descriptions are listed on page 186 of the Publication Manual.
It is permissible to leave hyperlinks live in reference list entries.
Example of a Website Reference With All Information Present
Here’s an example (a blog post) in which we have all four necessary pieces of information (also see Manual example #76):
Examples of Website References With Missing Information
Sometimes, however, one or more of these four pieces is missing, such as when there is no identifiable author or no date. For each piece of missing information there is a way to adapt the APA Style reference.
Here’s an example where no author is identified in this online news article (the title moves to the author position):
And here’s an example for a webpage where no date is identified (the letters n.d., which stand for no date, are substituted in place of a year):
Over the years we have also covered example references for tweets and Facebook updates, press releases, interviews, wikipedia articles, and artwork in other blog posts. We recommend that you search the blog for your reference type if you are still unsure of how to create the reference.
For a complete explanation of how to create website references no matter how much information you have, read this post on "missing pieces" and download our chart here: How to Adapt APA Style References When Information Is Missing. This chart can be used for educational puposes provided that credit is given to the American Psychological Association.
Thanks for reading!