Umayyads And Abbasids Compare And Contrast Essays

Hey isk8jth521863,

Here are some bullet points to get you started in your assignment.

The Abbasid Caliphate

- ruled from 750-1258 and then from 1261-1517. The breif interruption was due to the Mongol sack of their capital city of Baghdad.

- founded by the decendents of Muhammad's uncle.

- seized power by overthrowing the Umayyad empire.

- capital city was Baghdad for most of their rule.

- sought to accept non-muslims into their societies. Accepted...

Hey isk8jth521863,

Here are some bullet points to get you started in your assignment.

The Abbasid Caliphate

- ruled from 750-1258 and then from 1261-1517. The breif interruption was due to the Mongol sack of their capital city of Baghdad.

- founded by the decendents of Muhammad's uncle.

- seized power by overthrowing the Umayyad empire.

- capital city was Baghdad for most of their rule.

- sought to accept non-muslims into their societies. Accepted Persian support and influence into their court.

- stressed value of knowledge. Oversaw the golden age of Islamic culture in literature, art, architecture, technology and science.

- embraced Sunni Islamic practices.

The Umayyad Caliphate

- established after the death of Muhammad by a powerful family from Mecca. Ruled only from 661-750.

- capital city was Damascus

- had a social structure where Arab Muslims were at the top and everyone else was below. They tried to keep non-Arab muslim influences out of their court.

- stressed military conquest rather than aquisition of knowledge. Did oversee the building of many important buildings (the Dome of the Rock)

- Sunni Islam.

I hope this helps get you started.

The Similarities between: The Byzantine Empire and Islamic Civilization

665 Words3 Pages

Much of past civilizations have endured many failures and triumphs throughout their existence. In the third century, there were many civilizations that started to flourish. One of these civilizations that started to expand was the Byzantine civilization. The Byzantine civilization, also regarded as Byzantium, was part of the Roman Empire which was divided in 395 AD. Byzantium had shared the same attitude, as the Roman Empire, toward exercising its authority over its citizens and throughout its empire. The Islamic civilization had started thrive in the fifth century. The Islamic civilization was unified together as unison by Islam and it has expanded its civilization throughout parts of Europe through jihad. Because of their expansions…show more content…

Not only do both these civilizations share the same political system, but as well as the social structure, which is important for indicating the social organization in a civilization. The Byzantine Empire consisted with a society that included the upper class, middle class, and lower class. The upper class consisted of officials, members of government, and citizens who were wealthy. The middle class included merchants, and traders. The lower class consisted of slaves that were enslaved from the expansion of the Byzantine Empire. These slaves had the chance to worship God and be part of the community, but slavery for harsh punishment continued. The Islamic civilization had a similar social structure as the Byzantine Empire. The upper class was known as the Abbasids, they were known as judges, merchants, and government officials, and its citizens. The citizens lived in different conditions unlike Abbasids. Abbasids were privileged to be living courtyards and in temples. Slaves were common in Islamic culture, were given the right to believe in Allah and work as soldiers for the Islamic military. These classes indicate the similar features of society of both civilizations. In addition to political and social structure, both civilizations share the same economy. Byzantine and Islamic civilization use similar approaches to promote their economy. They have engaged in trading with other civilizations. Byzantine was a large exporter of grain and silk. Their

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